ChatGPT is hosted on Microsoft Azure, a leading cloud computing service. Azure has multiple data centers in the United States, and ChatGPT is hosted on at least one of them.
The list of Azure data center locations in the U.S. includes:
- Des Moines, Iowa
- Richmond, Virginia
- Atlanta, Georgia
- Chicago, Illinois
- San Antonio, Texas
- Cheyenne, Wyoming
- San Francisco, California
- Moses Lake (Quincy), Washington
- Phoenix, Arizona
According to tech insider Marius Sandbu, ChatGPT is currently hosted on the Microsoft Azure data center in San Antonio, Texas. Marius says all ChatGPT and GPT API services are only available through this Texas-based data center.
However, OpenAI — the company behind ChatGPT — has not publicly stated which Azure locations are being used to host ChatGPT, and therefore I cannot confirm this information is accurate.
Therefore, the best information we have suggests that — at least in the United States — ChatGPT is hosted in at least one of the Azure data centers mentioned above.
What Is Microsoft Azure?
Microsoft Azure offers a variety of cloud services, such as computing, analytics, storage, and networking.
In 2019, OpenAI and Microsoft entered into a partnership which resulted in OpenAI transitioning its operations to Azure.
Therefore, I can confidently say that ChatGPT is hosted across Azure’s network, which has locations in over 31 countries.
I cannot say for certain which specific servers it is hosted on, but I will do my best to provide a comprehensive list of potential locations.
Azure’s Global Data Centers
Azure’s global presence extends to numerous regions worldwide. Here’s a brief overview:
|United States||Des Moines, Iowa; Richmond, Virginia; Phoenix, Arizona; Austin, Texas; Washington, D.C.; San Francisco, California|
|Americas||Campinas, Brazil; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Toronto, Canada; Quebec City, Canada; Santiago, Chile; Querétaro State, Mexico|
|Asia Pacific||Hong Kong, China; Osaka, Japan; Seoul, South Korea; Taipei, Taiwan|
|China||Shanghai; Hong Kong; Beijing|
|India||Pune; Chennai; Mumbai|
Check out this full list of Azure data center locations if you want more precise information.
Privacy laws vary by country and state, and the data control laws governing your data depends on the country or state the server hosting your ChatGPT interaction is located in. Therefore, you should get up to speed on your local data protection and privacy laws.
Again, if it is true that ChatGPT is hosted entirely within the United States, then all ChatGPT interactions are currently subject to U.S. privacy laws.
Further, while OpenAI has not disclosed the locations of their model training and central storage, their San Francisco location suggests that these operations are likely based there. If this is they case, they would fall under California law, including the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). It would be beneficial to familiarize yourself with the CCPA, available here: https://oag.ca.gov/privacy/ccpa.
To learn more about protecting your identify and data when using ChatGPT, check out our guide to ChatGPT anonymity and privacy.
How Does ChatGPT Hosting Location Affect Speed?
Microsoft places data centers all around the world to minimize speed and loading issues. Therefore, any impacts of data center location on speed should be minimal if you’re in a country where Microsoft has many data centers.
However, if you’re finding that ChatGPT is loading slowly — or even stopping in the middle of writing — the server location may be a factor. Unfortunately, apart from physically moving closer to the nearest data center, there’s nothing you can do on your end to affect the server speed.
ChatGPT is hosted on Microsoft Azure, and may therefore be hosted on many different servers throughout the world. There are claims that the entirety of ChatGPT is hosted on an Azure data center in San Antonio, Texas, but those claims cannot be confirmed at this time.
Privacy considerations depend on the country and state the server hosting your ChatGPT interaction is located in. And if you’re having issues with ChatGPT being really slow, there’s nothing you can do to improve that aside from physically moving closer to one of Azure’s data centers.